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Table of Contents Enchanted Learning
All About Astronomy
Site Index
Our Solar System Stars Glossary Printables, Worksheets, and Activities
The Sun The Planets The Moon Asteroids Kuiper Belt Comets Meteors Astronomers

Your weight on the Planets The Planets Your age on the Planets
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune pluto

MARS
General
Description
Statistics Moons:
Deimos and Phobos
Missions to Mars Activities,
Web Links
Missions to Mars

Mariner 4 was the first spacecraft to visit Mars in 1965. The first spacecraft orbited on Mars in 1971. The first spacecraft landed on Mars in 1976.
Missions Date Accomplishment
Mariner 4 1965 Fly-by mission: photos transmitted
Mariner 6 and 7 1969 Fly-by mission: atmosphere examined
Mariner 9 1971 Orbiter: First orbiter around another planet- mapping mission
Viking 1 and 2 1976 Lander: surface photos, soil biochemistry investigated.
Orbiter: global mapping from orbit.
Phobos 2 1989 Orbiter: photos of Phobos
Mars Global SurveyorMars Global Surveyor 1997 Orbiter: examine surface features, atmosphere, and magnetic properties.
Mars Pathfinder 1997 Lander: (the first bouncing landing) plus "Sojourner" roving vehicle which performed rock analysis,
Mars Climate Orbiter (NASA) 1998 Orbiter: study Martian weather and climate.
Mars Polar Lander (NASA) 1999 Lander: study soil and meteorology near Mars South Pole.
Mars Surveyor 2001 Orbiter (NASA) March, 2001 Orbiter: study Mars from orbit, test aerocapture techniques, and act as a communications relay for the upcoming lander (see next entry).
Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander (NASA) April, 2001 Lander: To bring the remote-controlled rover "Athena" to the surface, which will continue studying the Martian surface.
Mars Surveyor 2003 Orbiter (NASA) 2003-2004 Orbiter: study Mars from orbit, and serve as communications relay for the lander (see next entry)
Mars Surveyor 2003 Lander (NASA) 2003-2004 Lander: Brought the remote-controlled rover (Spirit) to the surface, which will continue studying the Martian surface.




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