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Table of Contents Enchanted Learning
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Mercury
Introduction Map of Mercury Inside Mercury Length of a Day and Year Activities,
Web Links

INSIDE MERCURY

Crust: Mercury has a thick crust that is composed mostly of silicate rocks. Mercury may have small ice caps at its north and south poles; this ice stays frozen inside deep craters that are shaded from sunlight.

Mantle: Beneath the crust it is a mantle (also made of silicate rocks) that is hundreds of kilometers thick.

Core: At the center of Mercury is a partly-molten iron core about 2,300 miles (7,500 km) in diameter (almost half of the diameter of Mercury). This core accounts for about 80% of Mercury's mass. This core generates a magnetic field (which is how we know that Mercury has an iron core).


Density: Mercury has a density of 5,430 kg/m3, slightly less than that of Earth. Mercury is the second-densest planet in the solar system (after Earth) because of its large iron core.




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